When visiting a place that’s new to you, it’s never a bad idea to have a short background on its history. And the history and beginnings of the city of Budapest is not a bleak one, and is certainly one that is worth learning about.

There originally were seven to ten Hungarian tribes, and four out of these settled in what is now modern Budapest. These tribes were namely: Megyer, Keszi, Jeno and Nyek.

Its first royal castle was built by King Bela IV on Castle Hill in 1248. Not long thereafter, the town took on the name Buda (after the one before it, Obuda). Even then Pest was a bit more significant than Buda, and was surrounded by city walls. On 1873, the three former cities, Obuda, Buda and Pest were united into one, and it was called Budapest, the capital of Hungary.

During history’s murkiest age, specifically World War II, Budapest wasn’t spared as Hitler’s Nazi army occupied the city and its Jews were slaughtered as part of The Final Solution. The city was then battered again and again by war, what with the Soviets laying siege to the German fortifications that were in the city at that time. Eventually the Germans retreated, destroying the bridges of the Danube, and the Red Army completed its occupation of Budapest.

Many years after the war, though, Budapest was renowned around the world as the Andrassy Avenue, Millennium Underground railway and the Heroes’ Square was added to the list of World Heritage sites.

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